Motor de Búsqueda de Datasheet de Componentes Electrónicos
Selected language     Spanish  ▼

Delete All
ON OFF
ALLDATASHEET.ES

X  

Preview PDF Download HTML

ST62T62CM3 Datasheet(PDF) 17 Page - STMicroelectronics

No. de Pieza. ST62T62CM3
Descripción  8-BIT OTP/EPROM MCUs WITH A/D CONVERTER, SAFE RESET, AUTO-RELOAD TIMER AND EEPROM
Descarga  78 Pages
Scroll/Zoom Zoom In 100% Zoom Out
Fabricante  STMICROELECTRONICS [STMicroelectronics]
Página de inicio  http://www.st.com
Logo 

ST62T62CM3 Datasheet(HTML) 17 Page - STMicroelectronics

Zoom Inzoom in Zoom Outzoom out
 17 / 78 page
background image
17/78
ST62T52C ST62T62C/E62C
CPU REGISTERS (Cont’d)
However, if the program space contains more than
4096 bytes, the additional memory in program
space can be addressed by using the Program
Bank Switch register.
The PC value is incremented after reading the ad-
dress of the current instruction. To execute relative
jumps, the PC and the offset are shifted through
the ALU, where they are added; the result is then
shifted back into the PC. The program counter can
be changed in the following ways:
- JP (Jump) instructionPC=Jump address
- CALL instructionPC= Call address
- Relative Branch Instruction.PC= PC +/- offset
- Interrupt PC=Interrupt vector
- ResetPC= Reset vector
- RET & RETI instructionsPC= Pop (stack)
- Normal instructionPC= PC + 1
Flags (C, Z). The ST6 CPU includes three pairs of
flags (Carry and Zero), each pair being associated
with one of the three normal modes of operation:
Normal mode, Interrupt mode and Non Maskable
Interrupt mode. Each pair consists of a CARRY
flag and a ZERO flag. One pair (CN, ZN) is used
during Normal operation, another pair is used dur-
ing Interrupt mode (CI, ZI), and a third pair is used
in the Non Maskable Interrupt mode (CNMI, ZN-
MI).
The ST6 CPU uses the pair of flags associated
with the current mode: as soon as an interrupt (or
a Non Maskable Interrupt) is generated, the ST6
CPU uses the Interrupt flags (resp. the NMI flags)
instead of the Normal flags. When the RETI in-
struction is executed, the previously used set of
flags is restored. It should be noted that each flag
set can only be addressed in its own context (Non
Maskable Interrupt, Normal Interrupt or Main rou-
tine). The flags are not cleared during context
switching and thus retain their status.
The Carry flag is set when a carry or a borrow oc-
curs during arithmetic operations; otherwise it is
cleared. The Carry flag is also set to the value of
the bit tested in a bit test instruction; it also partici-
pates in the rotate left instruction.
The Zero flag is set if the result of the last arithme-
tic or logical operation was equal to zero; other-
wise it is cleared.
Switching between the three sets of flags is per-
formed automatically when an NMI, an interrupt or
a RETI instructions occurs. As the NMI mode is
automatically selected after the reset of the MCU,
the ST6 core uses at first the NMI flags.
Stack. The ST6 CPU includes a true LIFO hard-
ware stack which eliminates the need for a stack
pointer. The stack consists of six separate 12-bit
RAM locations that do not belong to the data
space RAM area. When a subroutine call (or inter-
rupt request) occurs, the contents of each level are
shifted into the next higher level, while the content
of the PC is shifted into the first level (the original
contents of the sixth stack level are lost). When a
subroutine or interrupt return occurs (RET or RETI
instructions), the first level register is shifted back
into the PC and the value of each level is popped
back into the previous level. Since the accumula-
tor, in common with all other data space registers,
is not stored in this stack, management of these
registers should be performed within the subrou-
tine. The stack will remain in its “deepest” position
if more than 6 nested calls or interrupts are execut-
ed, and consequently the last return address will
be lost. It will also remain in its highest position if
the stack is empty and a RET or RETI is executed.
In this case the next instruction will be executed.
Figure 7ST6 CPU Programming Mode
l
SHORT
DIRECT
ADDRESSING
MODE
VREGISTER
WREGISTER
PROGRAM COUNTER
SIX LEVELS
STACK REGISTER
CZ
NORMAL FLAGS
INTERRUPT FLAGS
NMI FLAGS
INDEX
REGISTER
VA000423
b7
b7
b7
b7
b7
b0
b0
b0
b0
b0
b0
b11
ACCUMULATOR
YREG. POINTER
X REG. POINTER
CZ
CZ


Html Pages

1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  25  26  27  28  29  30  31  32  33  34  35  36  37  38  39  40  41  42  43  44  45  46  47  48  49  50  51  52  53  54  55  56  57  58  59  60  61  62  63  64  65  66  67  68  69  70  71  72  73  74  75  76  77  78 


Datasheet Download




Enlace URL




Privacy Policy
ALLDATASHEET.ES
Does ALLDATASHEET help your business so far?  [ DONATE ]  

Todo acerca de Alldatasheet   |   Publicidad   |   Contáctenos   |   Política de Privacidad   |   Favorito   |   Intercambio de Enlaces   |   Lista de Fabricantes
All Rights Reserved© Alldatasheet.com


Mirror Sites
English : Alldatasheet.com  |   English : Alldatasheet.net  |   Chinese : Alldatasheetcn.com  |   German : Alldatasheetde.com  |   Japanese : Alldatasheet.jp
Russian : Alldatasheetru.com  |   Korean : Alldatasheet.co.kr  |   Spanish : Alldatasheet.es  |   French : Alldatasheet.fr  |   Italian : Alldatasheetit.com
Portuguese : Alldatasheetpt.com  |   Polish : Alldatasheet.pl  |   Vietnamese : Alldatasheet.vn