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25LC160A Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - Microchip Technology

No. de Pieza. 25LC160A
Descripción  16K SPI Bus Serial EEPROM
Descarga  24 Pages
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Fabricante  MICROCHIP [Microchip Technology]
Página de inicio  http://www.microchip.com
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25LC160A Datasheet(HTML) 6 Page - Microchip Technology

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25XX160A/B
DS21807B-page 6
 2003 Microchip Technology Inc.
2.0
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
2.1
Principles of Operation
The 25XX160A/B are 2048 byte Serial EEPROMs
designed to interface directly with the Serial Peripheral
Interface (SPI) port of many of today’s popular
microcontroller
families,
including
Microchip’s
PICmicro® microcontrollers. It may also interface with
microcontrollers that do not have a built-in SPI port by
using discrete I/O lines programmed properly with the
software.
The 25XX160A/B contains an 8-bit instruction register.
The device is accessed via the SI pin, with data being
clocked in on the rising edge of SCK. The CS pin must
be low and the HOLD pin must be high for the entire
operation.
Table 2-1 contains a list of the possible instruction
bytes and format for device operation. All instructions,
addresses, and data are transferred MSB first, LSB
last.
Data (SI) is sampled on the first rising edge of SCK
after CS goes low. If the clock line is shared with other
peripheral devices on the SPI bus, the user can assert
the HOLD input and place the 25XX160A/B in ‘HOLD’
mode. After releasing the HOLD pin, operation will
resume from the point when the HOLD was asserted.
2.2
Read Sequence
The device is selected by pulling CS low. The 8-bit read
instruction is transmitted to the 25XX160A/B followed
by the 16-bit address, with the five MSBs of the
address being don’t care bits. After the correct read
instruction and address are sent, the data stored in the
memory at the selected address is shifted out on the
SO pin. The data stored in the memory at the next
address can be read sequentially by continuing to
provide clock pulses. The internal address pointer is
automatically incremented to the next higher address
after each byte of data is shifted out. When the highest
address is reached (07FFh), the address counter rolls
over to address 0000h allowing the read cycle to be
continued indefinitely. The read operation is terminated
by raising the CS pin (Figure 2-1).
2.3
Write Sequence
Prior to any attempt to write data to the 25XX160A/B,
the write enable latch must be set by issuing the WREN
instruction (Figure 2-4). This is done by setting CS low
and then clocking out the proper instruction into the
25XX160A/B. After all eight bits of the instruction are
transmitted, the CS must be brought high to set the
write enable latch. If the write operation is initiated
immediately after the WREN instruction without CS
being brought high, the data will not be written to the
array because the write enable latch will not have been
properly set.
Once the write enable latch is set, the user may
proceed by setting the CS low, issuing a WRITE
instruction, followed by the 16-bit address, with the five
MSBs of the address being don’t care bits, and then the
data to be written. Up to 16 bytes (25XX160A) or 32
bytes (25XX160B) of data can be sent to the device
before a write cycle is necessary. The only restriction is
that all of the bytes must reside in the same page.
For the data to be actually written to the array, the CS
must be brought high after the Least Significant bit (D0)
of the
nth data byte has been clocked in. If CS is
brought high at any other time, the write operation will
not be completed. Refer to Figure 2-2 and Figure 2-3
for more detailed illustrations on the byte write
sequence and the page write sequence respectively.
While the write is in progress, the Status Register may
be read to check the status of the WPEN, WIP, WEL,
BP1 and BP0 bits (Figure 2-6). A read attempt of a
memory array location will not be possible during a
write cycle. When the write cycle is completed, the
write enable latch is reset.
Note:
Page write operations are limited to writing
bytes within a single physical page,
regardless of the number of bytes
actually being written. Physical page
boundaries start at addresses that are
integer multiples of the page buffer size (or
‘page size’) and, end at addresses that are
integer multiples of page size - 1. If a Page
Write command attempts to write across a
physical page boundary, the result is that
the data wraps around to the beginning of
the
current
page
(overwriting
data
previously stored there), instead of being
written to the next page as might be
expected. It is therefore necessary for the
application software to prevent page write
operations that would attempt to cross a
page boundary.


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