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IDT821034 Datasheet(PDF) 5 Page - Integrated Device Technology

No. de Pieza. IDT821034
Descripción  QUAD PCM CODEC WITH PROGRAMMABLE GAIN
Descarga  19 Pages
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Fabricante  IDT [Integrated Device Technology]
Página de inicio  http://www.idt.com
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IDT821034 Datasheet(HTML) 5 Page - Integrated Device Technology

 
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5
INDUSTRIAL TEMPERATURE RANGE
IDT821034 QUAD PCM CODEC WITH PROGRAMMABLE GAIN
SIGNAL PROCESSING
High performance oversampling Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC) and
Digital-to-Analog Converters (DAC) are used in the IDT821034 to provide
the required conversion accuracy. The associated decimation and inter-
polation filters are realized with both dedicated hardware and Digital Sig-
nal Processor (DSP). The DSP also handles all other necessary functions
such as PCM bandpass filtering and sample rate conversion.
Transmit Signal Processing
In the transmit path, the analog input signal is received with a gain
setting amplifier. The signal gain is set by the resistive feedback network
as shown in the application circuit (Figure 5). The output of the gain
setting amplifier is connected internally to the input of the anti-alias filter
for the oversampling ADC. The digital output of the oversampling ADC
is decimated and sent to the DSP. The transmit filter is implemented in
the DSP as a digital bandpass filter. The filtered signal is further decimated
and compressed to PCM format.
Transmit PCM Interface
The transmit PCM interface clocks the PCM data out of DX pin on rising
edges of BCLK according to the time slot assignment. The frame sync
(FS) pulse identifies the beginning of a transmit frame, or time slot zero.
The time slots for all channels are referenced to FS. The IDT821034
contains user programmable Transmit Time Slot Register for each transmit
channel. The register is 7 bits wide and can accommodate up to 128 time
slots (corresponding to the maximum BCLK frequency of 8.192 MHz) in
each frame. The PCM Data is transmitted serially on DX pin with the Most
Significant Bit (MSB), or Bit 7, first.
When the device is first powered up, all transmit time slots are disabled
with Transmit Time Slot Registers set to zero. DX pin remains in high-
impedance state. To power up or power down each transmit channel,
Configuration Register and the corresponding Time Slot Register must be
programmed.
Receive Signal Processing
In the receive path, the PCM code is received at the rate of 8,000
samples per second. The PCM code is expanded and sent to the DSP
for interpolation and receive channel filtering function. The receive filter
is implemented in the DSP as a digital lowpass filter. The filtered signal
is then sent to an oversampling DAC. The DAC output is post-filtered
and then delivered at VFRO pin by a power amplifier. The amplifier can
drive resistive load higher than 2 k
Ω.
Receive PCM Interface
The receive PCM interface clocks the PCM data into DR pin on falling
edges of BCLK according to the time slot assignment. The receive time
slot definition and programming is similar to that of the transmit time slot.
The IDT821034 contains a user programmable Receive Time Slot Register
for each receive channel. The register is 7 bits wide and can accommodate
up to 128 time slots (corresponding to the maximum BCLK frequency of
8.192 MHz) in each frame. The PCM Data is received serially on DR pin
with the MSB (Bit 7) first.
When the device is first powered up, all receive time slots are disabled
with Receive Time Slot Registers set to zero. Data on DR pin is ignored. To
power up or power down each receive channel, Configuration Register
and the corresponding Time Slot Register must be programmed.
Serial Control Interface
A Serial Control Interface is provided for a microprocessor to access
the control and status registers of IDT821034. The control registers include
Configuration Register, Time Slot Registers, SLIC Control Registers and
Gain Adjustment Registers. They are used to program the working modes
of CODEC and SLIC. The status registers include SLIC Status Registers.
They are used to monitor SLIC functions. All registers are 8 bits wide.
The Serial Control Interface consists of CO, CI, CS and CCLK pins
(see Figure 1). A microprocessor initiates a write or read cycle after low
level is asserted on CS pin. In the microprocessor write cycle, 8 bits of
serial data on CI pin are shifted into the device at falling edges of CCLK.
In the microprocessor read cycle, 8 bits of serial data are shifted out of
the device on CO pin at rising edges of CCLK. At the end of each 8-bit
transaction, the microprocessor sets CS high to terminate the cycle.
Multiple accesses to the device are separated by an idle state (high
level) of CS. The width of CS high level is at least three CCLK cycles.
The IDT821034 has a Configuration Register. Its register bits are
designated CR.7 - CR.0. The definition of the bits in Configuration Register
is shown in Table 1. If the leading data bit on CI pin is ‘1’ in a
microprocessor write cycle, the 8-bit data on CI pin is latched into
Configuration Register with MSB first.
There are eight Time Slot Registers for four transmit channels and
four receive channels. The definition of the bits in Time Slot Register is
shown in Table 2. Since PCM sample rate is 8k samples/sec and each
sample is 8 bits wide, each time slot occupies 64 kbits/sec of data rate.
The number of time slots in a frame is equal to the ratio of the bit
clock frequency (BCLK) to 64 kHz. For the maximum BCLK frequency
of 8.192 MHz, the number of time slots in a frame is 8.192MHz/64kHz,
or 128. The minimum number of time slots (corresponding to the
minimum BCLK frequency of 512 kHz) in a frame is 8. The relationship
between frequently used BCLK frequencies and the number of time slots
in a frame is shown in Table 3. Bit 6-0 in each Time Slot Register identify
the time slot number (0 to 127) of the corresponding transmit or receive
channel. Time Slot Registers can be accessed by specifying the transmit/
receive select (CR.1 and CR.0) and channel address (CR.3 and CR.2)
in Configuration Register. If CR.6 = ‘0’ and the leading data bit on CI pin
is ‘0’ in a microprocessor write cycle, the 8-bit data on CI pin is latched
into the selected Time Slot Register with MSB first.
There are four SLIC Control Registers for four channel SLIC signaling
control. The definition of the bits in a SLIC Control Register is shown in
Table 4. SLIC Control Registers can be accessed by specifying the
channel address (CR.3 and CR.2) in Configuration Register. If CR[6:4] =
‘101’ and the leading data bit on CI pin is ‘0’ in a microprocessor write or
read cycle, the 8-bit data on CI pin is latched into the selected SLIC
Control Register with MSB first.
There are four SLIC Status Registers for four channel SLIC monitoring.
The bits in each SLIC Status Register are mapped to the SLIC signaling
output and I/O pins of the corresponding channel as shown in Table 5. It
should be noted that the last 3 bits of the SLIC Status Register are always
mapped to I/O1_0, I/O2_0 and I/O3_0. This feature allows a rapid read
process of the SLIC status when Channel 0 is selected. The SLIC Status
Registers can be accessed by specifying the channel address (CR.3
and CR.2) in the Configuration Register. If CR[6:4] = ‘101’, as a result of
the previous write to the Configuration Register, the subsequent
microprocessor cycle is a read cycle. The content of the selected SLIC
Status Register is shifted out of the device on CO pin with MSB first.
There are 16 Gain Adjustment Registers for both transmit and
receive paths of four channels. For each path, there are two


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