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MC9S08AW60 Datasheet(PDF) 67 Page - Freescale Semiconductor, Inc

No. de Pieza. MC9S08AW60
Descripción  Microcontrollers
Descarga  324 Pages
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Fabricante  FREESCALE [Freescale Semiconductor, Inc]
Página de inicio  http://www.freescale.com
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MC9S08AW60 Datasheet(HTML) 67 Page - Freescale Semiconductor, Inc

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Chapter 5 Resets, Interrupts, and System Configuration
MC9S08AW60 Data Sheet, Rev 2
Freescale Semiconductor
67
I bit in the CCR is 0 to allow interrupts. The global interrupt mask (I bit) in the CCR is initially set after
reset which masks (prevents) all maskable interrupt sources. The user program initializes the stack pointer
and performs other system setup before clearing the I bit to allow the CPU to respond to interrupts.
When the CPU receives a qualified interrupt request, it completes the current instruction before responding
to the interrupt. The interrupt sequence obeys the same cycle-by-cycle sequence as the SWI instruction and
consists of:
Saving the CPU registers on the stack
Setting the I bit in the CCR to mask further interrupts
Fetching the interrupt vector for the highest-priority interrupt that is currently pending
Filling the instruction queue with the first three bytes of program information starting from the
address fetched from the interrupt vector locations
While the CPU is responding to the interrupt, the I bit is automatically set to avoid the possibility of another
interrupt interrupting the ISR itself (this is called nesting of interrupts). Normally, the I bit is restored to 0
when the CCR is restored from the value stacked on entry to the ISR. In rare cases, the I bit may be cleared
inside an ISR (after clearing the status flag that generated the interrupt) so that other interrupts can be
serviced without waiting for the first service routine to finish. This practice is not recommended for anyone
other than the most experienced programmers because it can lead to subtle program errors that are difficult
to debug.
The interrupt service routine ends with a return-from-interrupt (RTI) instruction which restores the CCR,
A, X, and PC registers to their pre-interrupt values by reading the previously saved information off the
stack.
NOTE
For compatibility with the M68HC08, the H register is not automatically
saved and restored. It is good programming practice to push H onto the stack
at the start of the interrupt service routine (ISR) and restore it immediately
before the RTI that is used to return from the ISR.
When two or more interrupts are pending when the I bit is cleared, the highest priority source is serviced
first (see Table 5-1).
5.5.1
Interrupt Stack Frame
Figure 5-1 shows the contents and organization of a stack frame. Before the interrupt, the stack pointer
(SP) points at the next available byte location on the stack. The current values of CPU registers are stored
on the stack starting with the low-order byte of the program counter (PCL) and ending with the CCR. After
stacking, the SP points at the next available location on the stack which is the address that is one less than
the address where the CCR was saved. The PC value that is stacked is the address of the instruction in the
main program that would have executed next if the interrupt had not occurred.


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