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CAT24C256 Datasheet(PDF) 4 Page - Catalyst Semiconductor

No. de Pieza. CAT24C256
Descripción  256-Kb I2C CMOS Serial EEPROM
Descarga  14 Pages
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Fabricante  CATALYST [Catalyst Semiconductor]
Página de inicio  http://www.catalyst-semiconductor.com
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CAT24C256 Datasheet(HTML) 4 Page - Catalyst Semiconductor

 
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CAT24C256
4
Doc. No. 04, Rev. D
© 2007 by Catalyst Semiconductor, Inc.
Characteristics subject to change without notice
PIn DESCRIPTIOn
SCl: The Serial Clock input pin accepts the Serial Clock
generated by the Master.
SDA: The Serial Data I/O pin receives input data and
transmits data stored in EEPROM. In transmit mode, this
pin is open drain. Data is acquired on the positive edge,
and is delivered on the negative edge of SCL.
A0, A1 and A2: The Address pins accept the device ad-
dress. These pins have on-chip pull-down resistors.
WP: The Write Protect input pin inhibits all write op-
erations, when pulled HIGH. This pin has an on-chip
pull-down resistor.
funCTIOnAl DESCRIPTIOn
The CAT24C256 supports the Inter-Integrated Circuit
(I2C) Bus data transmission protocol, which defines a
device that sends data to the bus as a transmitter and a
devicereceivingdataasareceiver.Dataflowiscontrolled
by a Master device, which generates the serial clock
and all START and STOP conditions. The CAT24C256
acts as a Slave device. Master and Slave alternate as
either transmitter or receiver. Up to 8 devices may be
connected to the bus as determined by the device ad-
dress inputs A0, A, and A2.
I2C buS PROTOCOl
The I2C bus consists of two ‘wires’, SCL and SDA. The
two wires are connected to the VCC supply via pull-up
resistors. Master and Slave devices connect to the 2-
wire bus via their respective SCL and SDA pins. The
transmitting device pulls down the SDA line to ‘transmit’
a ‘0’ and releases it to ‘transmit’ a ‘’.
Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus is not
busy (see A.C. Characteristics).
During data transfer, the SDA line must remain stable
while the SCL line is HIGH. An SDA transition while
SCL is HIGH will be interpreted as a START or STOP
condition (Figure ).
START
TheSTARTconditionprecedesallcommands.Itconsists
of a HIGH to LOW transition on SDA while SCL is HIGH.
TheSTARTactsasa‘wake-up’calltoallreceivers.Absent
a START, a Slave will not respond to commands.
STOP
TheSTOPconditioncompletesallcommands.Itconsists
of a LOW to HIGH transition on SDA while SCL is HIGH.
The STOP starts the internal Write cycle (when follow-
ing a Write command) or sends the Slave into standby
mode (when following a Read command).
Device Addressing
The Master initiates data transfer by creating a START
condition on the bus. The Master then broadcasts an
8-bit serial Slave address. The first 4 bits of the Slave
address are set to 00, for normal Read/Write opera-
tions (Figure 2). The next 3 bits, A2, A and A0, select
one of 8 possible Slave devices. The last bit, R/W,
specifies whether a Read (1) or Write (0) operation is
to be performed.
Acknowledge
After processing the Slave address, the Slave responds
with an acknowledge (ACK) by pulling down the SDA
line during the 9th clock cycle (Figure 3). The Slave will
also acknowledge the byte address and every data
byte presented in Write mode. In Read mode the Slave
shifts out a data byte, and then releases the SDA line
during the 9th clock cycle. If the Master acknowledges
the data, then the Slave continues transmitting. The
Master terminates the session by not acknowledging
the last data byte (NoACK) and by sending a STOP to
the Slave. Bus timing is illustrated in Figure 4.


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