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MC908QT1AMPE Datasheet(Hoja de datos) 95 Page - Freescale Semiconductor, Inc

No. de Pieza. MC908QT1AMPE
Descripción  M68HC08 Microcontrollers
Descarga  200 Pages
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Fabricante  FREESCALE [Freescale Semiconductor, Inc]
Página de inicio  http://www.freescale.com
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 95 page
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Functional Description
MC68HC908QYA/QTA Family Data Sheet, Rev. 3
Freescale Semiconductor
95
11.3.1.2 XTAL Oscillator Clock (XTALCLK)
XTALCLK is the XTAL oscillator output signal. It runs at the full speed of the crystal (fXCLK) and comes
directly from the crystal oscillator circuit. Figure 11-2 shows only the logical relation of XTALCLK to OSC1
and OSC2 and may not represent the actual circuitry. The duty cycle of XTALCLK is unknown and may
depend on the crystal and other external factors. The frequency of XTALCLK can be unstable at start up.
11.3.1.3 RC Oscillator Clock (RCCLK)
RCCLK is the RC oscillator output signal. Its frequency is directly proportional to the time constant of the
external R (REXT) and internal C. Figure 11-3 shows only the logical relation of RCCLK to OSC1 and may
not represent the actual circuitry.
11.3.1.4 Internal Oscillator Clock (INTCLK)
INTCLK is the internal oscillator output signal. INTCLK is software selectable to be nominally 12.8 MHz,
8.0 MHz, or 4.0 MHz. INTCLK can be digitally adjusted using the oscillator trimming feature of the
OSCTRIM register (see 11.3.2.1 Internal Oscillator Trimming).
11.3.1.5 Bus Clock Times 4 (BUSCLKX4)
BUSCLKX4 is the same frequency as the input clock (XTALCLK, RCCLK, or INTCLK). This signal is
driven to the SIM module and is used during recovery from reset and stop and is the clock source for the
COP module.
11.3.1.6 Bus Clock Times 2 (BUSCLKX2)
The frequency of this signal is equal to half of the BUSCLKX4. This signal is driven to the SIM for
generation of the bus clocks used by the CPU and other modules on the MCU. BUSCLKX2 will be divided
by two in the SIM. The internal bus frequency is one fourth of the XTALCLK, RCCLK, or INTCLK
frequency.
11.3.2 Internal Oscillator
The internal oscillator circuit is designed for use with no external components to provide a clock source
with a tolerance of less than ±25% untrimmed. An 8-bit register (OSCTRIM) allows the digital adjustment
to a tolerance of ACCINT. See the oscillator characteristics in the Electrical section of this data sheet.
The internal oscillator is capable of generating clocks of 12.8 MHz, 8.0 MHz, or 4.0 MHz (INTCLK)
resulting in a bus frequency (INTCLK divided by 4) of 3.2 MHz, 2.0 MHz, or 1.0 MHz respectively. The
bus clock is software selectable and defaults to the 3.2-MHz bus out of reset. Users can increase the bus
frequency based on the voltage range of their application.
Figure 11-3 shows how BUSCLKX4 is derived from INTCLK and OSC2 can output BUSCLKX4 by setting
OSC2EN.
11.3.2.1 Internal Oscillator Trimming
OSCTRIM allows a clock period adjustment of +127 and –128 steps. Increasing the OSCTRIM value
increases the clock period, which decreases the clock frequency. Trimming allows the internal clock
frequency to be fine tuned to the target frequency.
All devices are factory programmed with trim values that are stored in FLASH memory at locations $FFC0
and $FFC1. The trim value is not automatically loaded into the OSCTRIM register. User software must




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