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AD558KP Datasheet(PDF) 4 Page - Analog Devices

No. de Pieza. AD558KP
Descripción  DACPORT Low Cost, Complete uP-Compatible 8-Bit DAC
Descarga  8 Pages
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Fabricante  AD [Analog Devices]
Página de inicio  http://www.analog.com
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AD558KP Datasheet(HTML) 4 Page - Analog Devices

   
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AD558
REV. A
–4–
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
The AD558 consists of four major functional blocks, fabricated
on a single monolithic chip (see Figure 2). The main D-to-A
converter section uses eight equally-weighted laser-trimmed
current sources switched into a silicon-chromium thin-film
R/2R resistor ladder network to give a direct but unbuffered 0
mV to 400 mV output range. The transistors that form the
DAC switches are PNPs; this allows direct positive-voltage logic
interface and a zero-based output range.
CONTROL
AMP
BAND-
GAP
REFERENCE
OUTPUT
AMP
8-BIT VOLTAGE-SWITCHING
D-TO-A CONVERTER
I2L LATCHES
I2L
CONTROL
LOGIC
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
SENSE
SELECT
+VCC
MSB
CS
CE
LSB
CONTROL
INPUTS
DIGITAL INPUT DATA
GND
GND
Figure 2. AD558 Functional Block Diagram
The high speed output buffer amplifier is operated in the non-
inverting mode with gain determined by the user-connections
at the output range select pin. The gain-setting application
resistors are thin-film laser-trimmed to match and track the
DAC resistors and to assure precise initial calibration of the two
output ranges, 0 V to 2.56 V and 0 V to 10 V. The amplifier
output stage is an NPN transistor with passive pull-down for
zero-based output capability with a single power supply. The
internal precision voltage reference is of the patented bandgap
type. This design produces a reference voltage of 1.2 volts and
thus, unlike 6.3 volt temperature compensated Zeners, may be
operated from a single, low voltage logic power supply. The
microprocessor interface logic consists of an 8-bit data latch and
control circuitry. Low power, small geometry and high speed
are advantages of the I
2L design as applied to this section. I2L is
bipolar process compatible so that the performance of the ana-
log sections need not be compromised to provide on-chip logic
capabilities. The control logic allows the latches to be operated
from a decoded microprocessor address and write signal. If the
application does not involve a
µP or data bus, wiring CS and
CE to ground renders the latches “transparent” for direct DAC
access.
MIL-STD-883
The rigors of the military/aerospace environment, temperature
extremes, humidity, mechanical stress, etc., demand the utmost
in electronic circuits. The AD558, with the inherent reliability
of integrated circuit construction, was designed with these ap-
plications in mind. The hermetically-sealed, low profile DIP
package takes up a fraction of the space required by equivalent
modular designs and protects the chip from hazardous environ-
ments. To further ensure reliability, military temperature range
AD558 grades S and T are available screened to MIL-STD-883.
For more complete data sheet information consult the Analog
Devices’ Military Databook.
CHIP AVAILABILITY
The AD558 is available in laser-trimmed, passivated chip form.
AD558J and AD558T chips are available. Consult the factory
for details.
Input Logic Coding
Digital Input Code
Output Voltage
Binary
Hexadecimal Decimal
2.56 V Range 10.000 V Range
0000 0000
00
0
0
0
0000 0001
01
1
0.010 V
0.039 V
0000 0010
02
2
0.020 V
0.078 V
0000 1111
0F
15
0.150 V
0.586 V
0001 0000
10
16
0.160 V
0.625 V
0111 1111
7F
127
1.270 V
4.961 V
1000 0000
80
128
1.280 V
5.000 V
1100 0000
C0
192
1.920 V
7.500 V
1111 1111
FF
255
2.55 V
9.961 V
CONNECTING THE AD558
The AD558 has been configured for ease of application. All ref-
erence, output amplifier and logic connections are made inter-
nally. In addition, all calibration trims are performed at the
factory assuring specified accuracy without user trims. The only
connection decision that must be made by the user is a single
jumper to select output voltage range. Clean circuit board lay-
out is facilitated by isolating all digital bit inputs on one side of
the package; analog outputs are on the opposite side.
Figure 3 shows the two alternative output range connections.
The 0 V to 2.56 V range may be selected for use with any power
supply between +4.5 V and +16.5 V. The 0 V to 10 V range
requires a power supply of +11.4 V to +16.5 V.
OUTPUT
AMP
16
15
14
13
GND
VOUT SELECT
VOUT SENSE
VOUT
OUTPUT
AMP
16
15
14
13
GND
VOUT SELECT
VOUT SENSE
VOUT
a. 0 V to 2.56 V Output Range b. 0 V to 10 V Output Range
Figure 3. Connection Diagrams
Because of its precise factory calibration, the AD558 is intended
to be operated without user trims for gain and offset; therefore
no provisions have been made for such user trims. If a small in-
crease in scale is required, however, it may be accomplished
by slightly altering the effective gain of the output buffer. A
resistor in series with VOUT SENSE will increase the output
range.
For example if a 0 V to 10.24 V output range is desired (40 mV
= 1 LSB), a nominal resistance of 850
Ω is required. It must be
remembered that, although the internal resistors all ratio-
match and track, the absolute tolerance of these resistors is
typically
±20% and the absolute TC is typically –50 ppm/°C
(0 to –100 ppm/
°C). That must be considered when rescaling is
performed. Figure 4 shows the recommended circuitry for a
full-scale output range of 10.24 volts. Internal resistance values
shown are nominal.


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