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GMS81C2112 Datasheet(PDF) 32 Page - Hynix Semiconductor

No. de Pieza. GMS81C2112
Descripción  HYNIX SEMICONDUCTOR 8-BIT SINGLE-CHIP MICROCONTROLLERS
Descarga  107 Pages
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Fabricante  HYNIX [Hynix Semiconductor]
Página de inicio  http://www.skhynix.com/ko/index.jsp
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GMS81C2112 Datasheet(HTML) 32 Page - Hynix Semiconductor

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GMS81C2112/GMS81C2120
26
JUNE. 2001 Ver 1.00
8.3 Data Memory
Figure 8-8 shows the internal Data Memory space availa-
ble. Data Memory is divided into two groups, a user RAM
(including Stack) and control registers.
Figure 8-8 Data Memory Map
User Memory
The GMS81C21xx have 448
× 8 bits for the user memory
(RAM).
Control Registers
The control registers are used by the CPU and Peripheral
function blocks for controlling the desired operation of the
device. Therefore these registers contain control and status
bits for the interrupt system, the timer/ counters, analog to
digital converters and I/O ports. The control registers are in
address range of 0C0H to 0FFH.
Note that unoccupied addresses may not be implemented
on the chip. Read accesses to these addresses will in gen-
eral return random data, and write accesses will have an in-
determinate effect.
More detailed informations of each register are explained
in each peripheral section.
Note: Write only registers can not be accessed by bit ma-
nipulation instruction. Do not use read-modify-write instruc-
tion. Use byte manipulation instruction, for example “LDM”.
Example; To write at CKCTLR
LDM
CLCTLR,#09H ;Divide ratio(
÷16)
Stack Area
The stack provides the area where the return address is
saved before a jump is performed during the processing
routine at the execution of a subroutine call instruction or
the acceptance of an interrupt.
When returning from the processing routine, executing the
subroutine return instruction [RET] restores the contents of
the program counter from the stack; executing the interrupt
return instruction [RETI] restores the contents of the pro-
gram counter and flags.
The save/restore locations in the stack are determined by
the stack pointed (SP). The SP is automatically decreased
after the saving, and increased before the restoring. This
means the value of the SP indicates the stack location
number for the next save. Refer to Figure 8-4 on page 22.
User Memory
Control
Registers
or Stack Area
0000H
00BFH
00C0H
00FFH
0100H
01FFH
PAGE0
User Memory
PAGE1
When “G-flag=0”,
When “G-flag=1”
this page is selected


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