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COP8ACC5 Datasheet(PDF) 29 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

[Old version datasheet] Texas Instruments acquired National semiconductor.
No. de Pieza. COP8ACC5
Descripción  8-Bit CMOS ROM Based Microcontrollers with 4k Memory and High Resolution A/D
Descarga  41 Pages
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Fabricante  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]
Página de inicio  http://www.national.com
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COP8ACC5 Datasheet(HTML) 29 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

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WATCHDOG Operation (Continued)
The initial WATCHDOG service must match the key data
value in the WATCHDOG Service register WDSVR in or-
der to avoid a WATCHDOG error.
Subsequent WATCHDOG services must match all three
data fields in WDSVR in order to avoid WATCHDOG er-
rors.
The correct key data value cannot be read from the
WATCHDOG Service register WDSVR. Any attempt to
read this key data value of 01100 from WDSVR will read
as key data value of all 0’s.
The WATCHDOG detector circuit is inhibited during both
the HALT and IDLE modes.
The CLOCK MONITOR detector circuit is active during
both the HALT and IDLE modes. Consequently, the de-
vice inadvertently entering the HALT mode will be de-
tected as a CLOCK MONITOR error (provided that the
CLOCK MONITOR enable option has been selected by
the program).
With the single-pin R/C oscillator mask option selected
and the CLKDLY bit reset, the WATCHDOG service win-
dow will resume following HALT mode from where it left
off before entering the HALT mode.
With the crystal oscillator mask option selected, or with
the single-pin R/C oscillator mask option selected and the
CLKDLY bit set, the WATCHDOG service window will be
set to its selected value from WDSVR following HALT.
Consequently, the WATCHDOG should not be serviced
for at least 2048 instruction cycles following HALT, but
must be serviced within the selected window to avoid a
WATCHDOG error.
The IDLE timer T0 is not initialized with RESET.
The user can sync in to the IDLE counter cycle with an
IDLE counter (T0) interrupt or by monitoring the T0PND
flag. The T0PND flag is set whenever the thirteenth bit of
the IDLE counter toggles (every 4096 instruction cycles).
The user is responsible for resetting the T0PND flag.
A hardware WATCHDOG service occurs just as the de-
vice exits the IDLE mode. Consequently, the WATCH-
DOG should not be serviced for at least 2048 instruction
cycles following IDLE, but must be serviced within the se-
lected window to avoid a WATCHDOG error.
Following RESET, the initial WATCHDOG service (where
the service window and the CLOCK MONITOR enable/
disable must be selected) may be programmed any-
where within the maximum service window (65,536 in-
struction cycles) initialized by RESET. Note that this initial
WATCHDOG service may be programmed within the ini-
tial 2048 instruction cycles without causing a WATCH-
DOG error.
TABLE 8. WATCHDOG Service Actions
Key Data
Window Data
Clock Monitor
Action
Match
Match
Match
Valid Service: Restart Service Window
Don’t Care
Mismatch
Don’t Care
Error: Generate WATCHDOG Output
Mismatch
Don’t Care
Don’t Care
Error: Generate WATCHDOG Output
Don’t Care
Don’t Care
Mismatch
Error: Generate WATCHDOG Output
Detection of Illegal Conditions
The device can detect various illegal conditions resulting
from coding errors, transient noise, power supply voltage
drops, runaway programs, etc.
Reading of undefined ROM gets zeros. The opcode for soft-
ware interrupt is 00. If the program fetches instructions from
undefined ROM, this will force a software interrupt, thus sig-
naling that an illegal condition has occurred.
The subroutine stack grows down for each call (jump to sub-
routine), interrupt, or PUSH, and grows up for each return or
POP. The stack pointer is initialized to RAM location 06F Hex
during reset. Consequently, if there are more returns than
calls, the stack pointer will point to addresses 070 and 071
Hex (which are undefined RAM). Undefined RAM from ad-
dresses 070 to 07F (Segment 0), and all other segments
(i.e., Segments 4... etc.) is read as all 1’s, which in turn will
cause the program to return to address 7FFF Hex. This is an
undefined ROM location and the instruction fetched (all 0’s)
from this location will generate a software interrupt signaling
an illegal condition.
Thus, the chip can detect the following illegal conditions:
1.
Executing from undefined ROM
2.
Over “POP”ing the stack by having more returns than
calls.
When the software interrupt occurs, the user can re-initialize
the stack pointer and do a recovery procedure before restart-
ing (this recovery program is probably similar to that follow-
ing reset, but might not contain the same program initializa-
tion procedures). The recovery program should reset the
software interrupt pending bit using the RPND instruction.
MICROWIRE/PLUS
MICROWIRE/PLUS is a serial synchronous communications
interface. The MICROWIRE/PLUS capability enables the de-
vice to interface with any of National Semiconductor’s
MICROWIRE peripherals (i.e. A/D converters, display driv-
ers, E2PROMs etc.) and with other microcontrollers which
support the MICROWIRE interface. It consists of an 8-bit se-
rial shift register (SIO) with serial data input (SI), serial data
output (SO) and serial shift clock (SK).
Figure 17 shows a
block diagram of the MICROWIRE/PLUS logic.
The shift clock can be selected from either an internal source
or an external source. Operating the MICROWIRE/PLUS ar-
rangement with the internal clock source is called the Master
mode of operation. Similarly, operating the MICROWIRE/
PLUS arrangement with an external shift clock is called the
Slave mode of operation.
The CNTRL register is used to configure and control the
MICROWIRE/PLUS mode. To use the MICROWIRE/PLUS,
the MSEL bit in the CNTRL register is set to one. In the mas-
ter mode, the SK clock rate is selected by the two bits, SL0
and SL1, in the CNTRL register.
Table 9 details the different
clock rates that may be selected.
www.national.com
29


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